Here are the different types of bail given to defendants.
Release on own recognizance — Allows a defendant to remain free without any financial backing by attesting that he or she will show up when required and comply with any conditions of release. Also known as ROR.
Unsecured — Similar to ROR in that no up-front financial backing is required to remain out of prison. However, if a defendant fails to appear, or violates bail conditions, he or she can be held financially responsible for a set amount of money.
For example, if a defendant is released on $10,000 unsecured bail, they owe nothing up front, but failure to appear could allow the courts to collect $10,000 from them.
Nonmonetary — As the name sounds, nonmonetary bail requires no money, but the defendant is released with certain conditions that are deemed “reasonably necessary to ensure the defendant’s appearance and compliance with the conditions of the bail bond.”
Nonmonetary conditions, like an order to not contact a victim, may also be attached to any other form of bail.
Nominal — The defendant is released on a minimal amount of money, as low as $1, and the designation of a third party to act as surety that the defendant will appear in court and comply with bail conditions.
Monetary — Defendants are ordered to pay a certain amount of money meant to guarantee their appearance in court and compliance with the conditions of release or remain in jail until the conclusion of the court proceedings.
The payment can be made by the defendant, a private third party or by contracting with a professional bail bondsman.
If the defendant appears in court as directed and does not violate the conditions of release, any money paid to the court is returned minus a small court fee.