April is National Donate Life Month, which raises awareness for the need for organ donations across the country.

Boiling Springs Family Medicine physician Dr. Chad Jumper talked about organ donations and the process.

Q: What organs can be donated?

A: “Organs and tissues that can be donated include heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, intestines, pancreas, eyes and skin.”

Q: What are some of the factors that determine if two people match?

A: “Matches are determined by blood type, tissue typing (matching markers on the organ itself), body size, distance between donor and recipient, and severity of the donor and recipients medical conditions.”

Q: What is the process of receiving an organ?

A: “To receive an organ, a recipient must be deemed medically appropriate. Factors such as life expectancy, medical problems, substance abuse and adherence with previous medical treatment all contribute here. Once medically cleared, a recipient must be placed on a waiting list, follow medical advice throughout the waiting period, and receive a matching organ.”

Q: On average, what are some of the wait times for organs?

A: “Some average wait times are as follows: kidney 3-4 years, heart half a year, liver half a year, and lung 1-2 years.”

Q: What instances would prevent someone from being able to donate, either in life or death?

A: “Organ donation can be denied due to the donor disease, substance abuse, compatibility issues and condition of the organ.”

Dr. Chad Jumper is a family practice physician at Boiling Springs Family Medicine and is board certified in family medicine. Check Boiling Springs Family Medicine on Twitter @DrChadJumper and on Facebook. This information is intended for educational purposes. Please consult your health care provider for advice about treatments that may affect your individual health.