spotlight Today in history: Jan. 4 Jan 4, 2020 Jan 4, 2020 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1809: Louis Braille In 1809, Louis Braille (LOO’-wee brayl), inventor of the Braille raised-dot reading system for the blind, was born in Coupvray, France. Elise Amendola 1935: Roosevelt State of the Union In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in his State of the Union address, called for legislation to provide assistance for the jobless, elderly, impoverished children and the handicapped. Anonymous 1964: Pope Paul VI On Jan. 4, 1964, Pope Paul VI began a visit to the Holy Land, the first papal pilgrimage of its kind. Mario Torrisi 1965: Johnson State of the Union In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his State of the Union address in which he outlined the goals of his "Great Society." ASSOCIATED PRESS 1974: Watergate tapes In 1974, President Richard Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee. STF 1987: Amtrak Train Crash In 1987, 16 people were killed when an Amtrak train bound from Washington, D.C., to Boston collided with Conrail locomotives that had crossed into its path from a side track in Chase, Maryland. Tim Aubry 1999: Euro In 1999, Europe's new currency, the euro, got off to a strong start on its first trading day, rising against the dollar on world currency markets. BERND KAMMERER 1999: Jesse Ventura In 1999, former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura took the oath of office as Minnesota's governor. BRIAN PETERSON 2006: Ariel Sharon stroke In 2006, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon suffered a significant stroke; his official powers were transferred to his deputy, Ehud Olmert (EH'-hood OHL'-murt). (Sharon remained in a coma until his death in Jan. 2014.) EMILIO MORENATTI 2010: Burj Khalifa Ten years ago: Dubai opened the world's tallest skyscraper, and in a surprise move renamed the 2,717-foot gleaming glass-and-metal tower Burj Khalifa in a nod to the leader of neighboring Abu Dhabi, the oil-rich sheikdom that had come to its financial rescue. Kamran Jebreili 2010: White House State Dinner Ten years ago: The Secret Service said a third uninvited guest had made his way into the White House state dinner for India's prime minister in Nov. 2009. (For his part, Washington businessman Carlos Allen insisted that he had received an invitation, and did not crash the event.) Pete Souza 2015: North Korea sanctions Five years ago: North Korea criticized the United States for slapping sanctions on Pyongyang officials and organizations for a cyberattack on Sony Pictures. Kim Kwang Hyon 2015: Pope Francis new cardinals Five years ago: Pope Francis named 156 new cardinals, selecting them from 14 countries, including far-flung corners of the world, to reflect the diversity of the Roman Catholic church and its growth in places like Asia and Africa. Riccardo De Luca 2018: Trump Offshore Drilling In 2018, the Trump administration moved to vastly expand offshore drilling from the Atlantic to the Arctic oceans with a five-year plan that would open up federal waters off of California for the first time in decades and possibly open new areas of oil and gas exploration along the East Coast. Andrew Harnik 2018: Wall Street In 2018, the Dow Jones Industrial Average burst through the 25,000 mark, closing at 25,075.13 just five weeks after its first close above 24,000. Mark Lennihan 2019: Escape Room Deaths One year ago: Five teenage girls died from inhaling carbon monoxide after a fire broke out next to a locked “escape room” in Poland. STR 2019: Transportation Security Administration One year ago: The Transportation Security Administration said there had been an increase in the number of its employees calling off work during the partial government shutdown; TSA employees had been expected to work without pay during the shutdown because their jobs are considered essential. Nam Y. Huh 2019: Trump Border Wall One year ago: President Donald Trump declared that he could keep parts of the government shut down for “months or even years” after he and Democratic leaders again failed to resolve his demand for billions of dollars for a border wall with Mexico. 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