spotlight Today in history: Jan. 11 Jan 11, 2020 Jan 11, 2020 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1908: Grand Canyon On Jan. 11, 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed the Grand Canyon National Monument (it became a national park in 1919). Julie Jacobson 1935: Amelia Earhart In 1935, aviator Amelia Earhart began an 18-hour trip from Honolulu to Oakland, California, that made her the first person to fly solo across any part of the Pacific Ocean. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1943: Extraterritorial treaties In 1943, the United States and Britain signed treaties relinquishing extraterritorial rights in China. AP 1964: U.S. Surgeon General In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry issued "Smoking and Health," a report which concluded that "cigarette smoking contributes substantially to mortality from certain specific diseases and to the overall death rate." STF 1989: Ronald Reagan In 1989, nine days before leaving the White House, President Ronald Reagan bade the nation farewell in a prime-time address, saying of his eight years in office: "We meant to change a nation and instead we changed a world." RON EDMONDS 2000: U.S. Supreme Court In 2000, whittling away more of the federal government's power over states, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that state employees cannot go into federal court to sue over age bias. STEPHEN J. BOITANO 2001: No Gun Ri refugees In 2001, the Army acknowledged that U.S. soldiers killed an "unknown number" of South Korean refugees early in the Korean War at No Gun Ri, but said there was no evidence they were ordered to do so. ASSOCIATED PRESS 2003: Illinois Death Penalty In 2003, calling the death penalty process "arbitrary and capricious, and therefore immoral," Illinois Gov. George Ryan commuted the sentences of 167 condemned inmates, clearing his state's death row two days before leaving office. SETH PERLMAN 2010: Gay Marriage Ten years ago: A federal judge in San Francisco began hearing arguments in a lawsuit aimed at overturning Proposition 8, California's voter-approved ban on same-sex marriage. (Chief U.S. District Judge Vaughn R. Walker later overturned the ban; his ruling was upheld on appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.) Marcio Jose Sanchez 2010: Mark McGwire Ten years ago: Mark McGwire admitted to The Associated Press that he'd used steroids and human growth hormone when he broke baseball's home run record in 1998. Anonymous 2010: Miep Gies Ten years ago: Miep Gies (meep khees), the Dutch office secretary who defied Nazi occupiers to hide Anne Frank and her family for two years and saved the teenager's diary, died at age 100. STEVE NORTH 2015: Anita Ekberg Five years ago: Anita Ekberg, 83, the Swedish-born actress and sex symbol of the 1950s and 1960s, died in Rome. STR 2015: France Attacks Rally Five years ago: More than a million people surged through the boulevards of Paris behind dozens of world leaders walking arm-in-arm in a rally for unity against three days of terror that killed 17 people and changed France. Laurent Cipriani 2015: Golden Globes Five years ago: At the 72nd Golden Globes, the movie "Boyhood" won best dramatic picture while "The Grand Budapest Hotel" was named best musical or comedy picture; in the TV categories, "The Affair" was named best dramatic series while "Transparent" was named best musical or comedy series. Jordan Strauss 2019: Government Shutdown Payday One year ago: An estimated 800,000 government workers missed their paychecks for the first time since the government shutdown began three weeks earlier. Rick Bowmer 2019: Groveland Four pardons One year ago: Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis and the state’s three-member Cabinet granted posthumous pardons to four African-American men who’d been accused of raping a white woman in a 1949 case that had come to be seen as a racial injustice. HOGP 2019: Trump Russia One year ago: The New York Times reported that federal law enforcement officials were so concerned about the behavior of President Donald Trump in the days after he fired James Comey from the FBI that they opened an investigation into whether he had been working for Russia against U.S. interests. J. 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