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Michael Bupp, The Sentinel 

Paul Blackburn has coached in varying roles for more than 20 years, including the last eight seasons at Hershey.

Joshua Vaughn, The Sentinel 

From the beginning of 2013 to the end of 2015, there was one cocaine overdose death in Cumberland County, according to coroner’s reports. There have been at least seven since then, coroner's reports show.

5 Questions
5 Questions: A Penguin March in Carlisle raises money for American Cancer Society

Each year, area residents gather at the track at Carlisle High School for Relay for Life, a fundraiser for the American Cancer Society.

This year’s event begins at 6 p.m. on May 18 and concludes at noon on May 19. Team members take turns walking around the track. Each team is asked to have a member on the track at all times to symbolize that cancer never sleeps and that cancer patients can’t stop because they are tired.

Teams set up a campsite at the event and conduct additional fundraisers to add to their donation.

Seventeen teams are registered for this year’s event, and registration is still open at the Relay for Life website for additional teams.

This year, Karen and Jim Griffith have combined their artistic endeavors at Create-a-Palooza on High Street in Carlisle with some friendly competition among downtown businesses to give Relay for Life a boost.

Q. What is the Penguin March?

A. Twenty-one businesses in the Carlisle area are hosting a colorful and creative penguin bank. The banks will be on display from March 1 to March 31, and all proceeds will be donated to the Carlisle Relay for Life. Each penguin bank is unique. We’re also encouraging people to vote for their favorite penguin after donating, and we’re excited to learn which will become the favorite. Penguin banks will also be raffled off at the May 18 and 19 Relay for Life event at Carlisle High School.

Q. Why penguins?

A. Soon after we announced the Penguin Toss fundraiser for the recent Ice Art Fest, we were approached to partner with Carlisle Relay for Life on a community fundraiser. Everyone really liked the penguin bank, and Penguin March just sounded fun. We were also inspired by the Cows on Parade event from some years ago, particularly the concept of unique variations on a common theme. We’d like to consider revisiting the concept in future years with different animals.

Q. How did you decide to do a fundraiser for Relay for Life?

A. It all started three years ago, when a close friend’s daughter was diagnosed with leukemia at the age of eight. We’ve been doing whatever we can to support the family ever since, and are pleased to report that their daughter is doing well. She spoke at last year’s Relay for Life and at several other area events. This cause is of particular importance to our business. We will also be sponsoring free activities at the Carlisle High School Relay for Life event.

Q. Where can people go to see the penguins?

A. The following 21 businesses are supporting the Penguin March. Many have painted their own penguin banks, while a few have entrusted the task to volunteers. An interactive map of all locations is also available on Create-A-Palooza’s website ( Create-A-Palooza, Seve-N-Dots, Castlerigg Wine Shop, Pat Craig Studio, Mummert Chocolates, the Clothes Vine, American Artisan Gallery, the Grazery, Artist Market Boutique of Pomfret Street, 2nd time Around, the Greatest Gift, History on High, No Common Scents, North Hanover Grille, Taquita Laurita, Carlisle Family Life Center, Liberty Tax, Beeman’s Bakery, Anahata Yoga, Carlisle Fitness Academy & Tae Kwon Do Center and Residence Inn

Q. As a downtown business owner, what drives you to create and participate in events like this that cover the whole downtown?

A. While we’re primarily local business owners, my husband and I both had our start in education and public service. I’m also the art teacher at St. Patrick School, and my husband, Jim, teaches adjunct at HACC while working in the IT industry. We also take inspiration from longtime companies in the area, such as Tuckey, who have been very successful while also contributing positively to the region.

Ultimately, we just want to do our part to contribute to the quality of life and well-being of those who live here. With childhood leukemia, it’s a very difficult condition to face and it can happen to anyone. We all need to work together to find a cure.

Dr. Daniel Ciccarone

Trump's boasts aside, trade wars typically leave no victors

WASHINGTON — Trade wars generate no medals, monuments or military parades. But they do tend to leave a lot of economic wreckage, often hurt the very people they’re meant to help and can fracture diplomatic relations among allies.

After announcing plans last week to slap taxes on imported aluminum and steel, President Donald Trump called trade wars “good” and breezily forecast an “easy” victory for the United States.

Economists see it differently. Starting a fight with trading partners has mostly proved to be self-defeating, they say.

“Usually, all sides lose in a trade war,” says Douglas Irwin, a Dartmouth College economist and author of the just-published “Clashing Over Commerce: A History of U.S. Trade Policy.” ‘’Trade shrinks as countries pile on barriers in an effort to remedy some grievance, with consumers paying the price.”

Wall Street clearly agrees. Stocks sank Thursday and Friday after Trump announced plans to slap tariffs of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum imports, effectively threatening to wage commercial war on U.S. trading partners from Brasilia to Berlin to Beijing.

Shares of some of America’s biggest exporters — Boeing, Deere, Caterpillar — fell hardest on fears that other countries would retaliate against U.S. products.

The term “trade war” is usually tossed around when countries spar over commerce, often without a clear sense of what it is. Eswar Prasad, professor of trade policy at Cornell University, defines it as a series of “escalating tit-for-tat trade barriers imposed on each other by two or more countries.”

Edward Alden, senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, says the world hasn’t endured a full-blown trade war since the 1930s. But globally, war drums are beating again.

Europeans have threatened to retaliate against Trump’s metals tariffs by targeting American blue jeans, bourbon and Harley-Davidson motorcycles. It may not be a coincidence that Harleys are produced in House Speaker Paul Ryan’s Wisconsin and bourbon in Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s Kentucky. Trump has met Europe’s threat of retaliation with a piled-on threat of his own: To slap tariffs on European autos.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada, which stands to suffer most from Trump’s proposed steel and aluminum tariffs, warned that he was prepared to “defend Canadian industry” from the tariffs.

China has responded to earlier Trump-imposed trade sanctions — tariffs on imported solar panels and washing machines — by launching an anti-dumping investigation into U.S. sorghum exports, a move seen as a warning shot at American farmers who depend heavily on trade.

China consumes a third of the soybeans American farmers produce. John Heisdorffer, president of the American Soybean Association, warned that a Chinese retaliation to Trump’s tariffs “would be devastating to U.S. soy growers. Our competitors in Brazil and Argentina are all too happy to pick up supplying the Chinese market.”

Though full-blown trade wars are mostly destined to fail, countries can sometimes pressure their trading partners to change their ways, Alden says. With U.S. automakers reeling from Japanese competition in the 1980s, the Reagan administration strong-armed Japan into agreeing to “voluntary export restraints” on car shipments. Japanese automakers ended up moving factories to the United States to avoid the limits.

But shielding one domestic industry from foreign competition can hurt others by driving up prices. A study by NERA Economic Consulting found that a 7 percent aluminum tariff — less than what the administration is planning — would save 1,000 jobs annually in the aluminum industry but wipe out 22,600 other jobs across the U.S. economy.

In 2002, President George W. Bush imposed tariffs on Chinese steel. The move allowed U.S. steel producers to increase prices, raising costs for companies that buy steel and pressuring them to cut back elsewhere. The tariffs are thought to have cost significant U.S. job losses.

Or consider the “Rubber Chicken” dispute of 2009. The Obama administration slapped tariffs on Chinese tires, charging that a surge in imports was hurting the U.S. tire industry. Beijing counterpunched: It imposed a tax of up to 105 percent on U.S. chicken feet — a throw-away item in the U.S. that’s considered a delicacy in China. The Peterson Institute for International Economics calculated that the tariffs probably saved 1,200 American tire jobs — but consumers paid over $900,000 in higher tire prices for each job saved.

To justify its proposed tariffs, the Trump administration invoked a section of U.S. law to declare that metals imports threatened America’s industrial base and national security — even though the Pentagon says the military needs just 3 percent of U.S. aluminum and steel production.

The administration “stretches the definition of a national security threat to the breaking point,” says Alden at the Council on Foreign Relations.

The World Trade Organization gives member countries leeway to protect their national security interests. But “there’s always been a gentleman’s agreement that you don’t use (a national security pretext) just because you have an industry in trouble,” says Kent Jones, an economist at Babson College. “This is extending the definition of national security for protectionist purposes and, believe me, there’s going to be a big backlash.”

Most analysts agree that the U.S. steel and aluminum industries have been hurt by overproduction in China, which has reduced global prices for the metals and made it difficult for U.S. producers to survive. But analysts say the United States should have teamed with Europeans and Japanese, who also are being harmed by China’s oversupply, to pressure Beijing to curb its steel and aluminum output.

In a call Sunday with Trump, British Prime Minister Theresa May argued that “multilateral action was the only way to resolve the problem of global overcapacity” and expressed “deep concern” about Trump’s tariff plan, according to the British Foreign Office.

“It seems like Trump was hell-bent on doing something more provocative,” says Daniel Ikenson of the libertarian Cato Institute’s Center for Trade Policy Studies.

China already faces barriers to the U.S. market. And it’s only the United States’ 11th-biggest steel importer. The biggest supplier of steel and aluminum to the United States? Canada, a steadfast ally.

It’s unclear whether the Trump administration will exempt Canada or other allies from the tariffs. But in a television interview Sunday, White House trade adviser Peter Navarro appeared to reject the idea: “As soon as you exempt one country,” he said, “then you have to exempt another country.”

As Trump threatened to target European automakers, Marietje Schaake, a Dutch member of the European Parliament, tweeted that Europe doesn’t want a trade war but will be forced to respond to US protectionism. She noted that German automakers made 845,000 cars in the United States last year.

“The world is interconnected,” she wrote, “not zero-sum.”

top story
More than 200 attend Empty Bowls fundraiser at Dickinson College in Carlisle

Carl Baughman can relate to the plight of children in need.

The Perry County man experienced it firsthand when he was a boy.

“My parents were divorced,” said Baughman, now of Landisburg. “When I was with my mother, we barely got fed. We might have had something on the table.”

He was among the 200 people who attended the 27th annual Empty Bowls event Monday night in Carlisle to benefit the Project SHARE food bank.

Participants paid $20 for the opportunity to select one of 300 handcrafted bowls made by local residents and artists. They then shared a meal of bread and either vegan vegetable or Mexican potato and tomato soup.

Every bowl was unique, a symbol that served as a reminder of the many empty bowls in the world.

For Baughman and his wife Royetta the event Monday was just another way for them to help the needy in the community.

The couple is part of the effort by the Newville Church of God and the Doubling Gap Church of God to provide food in reusable duffel bags to elementary school students from disadvantaged families in the Big Spring School District.

Called Paw Packs, the bags include enough food to carry that student and family members over the weekend when school lunch and breakfast programs are not available. Royetta Baughman is also a volunteer with Project SHARE.

“I got involved to help the kids,” Carl Baughman said. “I see families out there that need it.”

His wife said Project SHARE not only works to feed empty bellies, but to feed the needy spirit by letting the children and their families know there are people that care.

Seated nearby was Gracia Sampson who was attending her first Empty Bowls event at Dickinson College. Her husband Raymond had attended an Empty Bowls event in West Virginia years ago.

“People are so unaware that in our economy, as good as it is, there are people that go hungry,” the Boiling Springs woman said. “There are still children who are living in fear of when their next meal will be.”

As the retired executive director of the Cumberland County welfare office, she had worked with charities that provide services and families that needed help.

“Project SHARE does an amazing job,” Sampson said. “I support it financially. I support their mission.”

Meanwhile Gracie Payne was sharing a meal with family and friends including her mother Shelley Raker. It has been an annual tradition for the past five years for parent and child to participate in Empty Bowls in Carlisle. Both have served as volunteers in the interview room at Project SHARE where families are asked questions on whether they qualify for help.

“The bowls are something that someone created in the community to remind us of greater needs beyond ourselves,” Payne said. “That we can contribute and together meet one another’s needs more effectively. It is a beautiful symbol … a great thing to support not just Project SHARE but also the Carlisle Arts Learning Center.

“We are ecstatic about the level of support,” said Becky Richeson, the executive director of CALC, the nonprofit organization that arranged for the bowls for Monday’s event. She said more than 200 tickets were sold raising over $4,000 for the food bank. To benefit Project SHARE further, the unclaimed bowls were put up for sale.

“We are blessed,” said Bob Weed, chief executive officer of Project SHARE. “The symbolism is not lost on me at all. It was a simple meal … soup and bread … but for many in our community a simple meal of soup and bread may be all they have.”

“As we head into Easter, we are thinking about renewal,” Weed said. “It’s a time of renewal for us at Project SHARE. We have come out of November and December, our biggest distribution months, and we need to restock the pantry.”

Support is crucial this time of year because fresh fruits and vegetables are not available locally and have to be trucked in at added cost, Weed said. The money raised at Monday’s event will help the food bank leverage resources to make the availability of fresh produce to needy families more affordable.